Ranchi University came into existence on the 12th of July, 1960 as a teaching-cum-affiliating university with headquarters at Ranchi. At present, the University spans five districts of Jharkhand, namely, Ranchi, Gumla, Khunti, Simdega and Lohardaga. Right since its inception Ranchi University has been alive to the ever increasing demands of higher education. Keeping pace with changing times, the University today offers vocational courses.For the less privileged students coming from the scheduled tribes or scheduled castes, special coaching classes are engaged to prepare them for competitive examinations.
The syllabi for main stream courses in science, humanities and commercetoo have been upgraded to meet the requirements of University GrantsCommission(UGC).
In sports and cultural activities to the University has carved a niche for itself. It has made its presence felt at the all India level in cricket, hockey, football, and athletics. Regular cultural activities at the college and the university level are an integral part of the University's academics calendar.